Tell me about Turkish Marble
What is Turkish Marble?
Marble is a rock that is made up of the minerals dolomite, aragonite, and calcite. It has a long history and is often used today for interior and exterior decoration, for artistic design, but also in the pharmaceutical industry. Marble is considered high quality and difficult to break. The different colors and structures are due to the mining area of the rock and, depending on the characteristics, the marbles are used in different application areas.
Structure and Composition?
Marbles are referred to as such if a rock consists of at least half of calcite, aragonite or dolomite. However, calcite is the predominant variant, while aragonite and dolomite are rarely found. Marbles have little pore space and are free of fossils. They can be identified by their reflective properties since untreated marble glitters in the light. The stone occurs in all colors in a natural way and also often has the typical marbling that is caused by material addition. Marbles are created from high pressure or high-temperature rocks rich in carbonate. Another possibility is contact metamorphosis, in which magma has cooled near the surface of the earth and left marble behind.
The occurrence of Marble?
The rock can be found in many regions of the world but is primarily attributed to the area around the Mediterranean. The most famous marble quarries are in Turkey, Greece, and Italy. Outside of Europe, Iran, China, India, and Mozambique are known for their marble reserve. The marbles of the individual mining areas differ significantly in color, structure, and hardness. That is why they are often imported and exported since the respective raw materials are required depending on the use. The most famous type comes from Turkey and has been used for centuries for sculpture and building.
Extraction of marble?
The quarrying of marble is a difficult task, which has continued from antiquity to modern times. The Romans used natural crevices in the rock to separate it. Later, black powder, but this was still a weak method because the blasting destroyed a large amount of the rock. Until the end of the 19th century that the sawing process was used, in which the surrounding steel cables cut blocks into the stone. Today diamonds are used as cutting tools. Nevertheless, the work is difficult, since blocks with a weight of up to 30 tons are produced and these have to be transported by truck from quarries.
Usage area of Marble?
The use of marble has changed significantly over the centuries. In the past, the rock was used almost exclusively for sculpture and as a building material. Many famous sculptures and buildings such as Michelangelo’s David or the Acropolis in Athens are made of marble. Today marble can be found in various areas from interior fittings to the pharmaceutical industry. The rock is often used as cladding for stairwells or as floor tiles. Marble is not suitable for outdoor use. Marble powder is added to the toothpaste as a fine abrasive and is used in the preparation of tablets for allergy sufferers or a better bone structure.