Most Important Facts about Natural Stone
Useful information about Marble!
The surface treatment of natural stone brings the decisive and final look or the required surefootedness out of the material and ultimately flanks your living style. With a look back into the history of mankind, it becomes clear the processing of natural stone has been used in the oldest days. It is the Stone Age when not only hand wedges were made of stone. At the same time, stones found were given a cut in this epoch. The idea is fascinating one of the oldest materials that planet Earth has to offer was already treated by the first human beings, much like today. With natural stone, we bring one of the most traditional materials into our home – with the expanded knowledge of properties and colors, the appearance of natural stone in modern processing is recognized. And at the same time, it reflects the steps of human history. Below you will find the most common surface treatments for Turkish stone
What are the different surface treatments of natural stone?
Moonlight is a worldwide unique natural stone surface treatment that is only possible with very few natural stones in this world. As the name Moonlight suggests, this unique and beautiful surface is a look that comes very close to a lunar landscape. With this natural stone surface, the stone is first ground, then brushed (stained) and then the tips (craters) are polished to a high gloss. Moonlight is available in a fine graphite gray and warm moor brown. Unfortunately, it is not possible to convey these breathtaking characteristics with one picture. Come to us and take a look at this surface treatment on-site in the original.
What is Antique marble?
The term Antique Marble is not a separate surface treatment. Antique marble is the name given to various surface structures that create a deliberately antique charm. Such as the surface treatments brushed, leather finished, satin & patinated. The natural stone is first sanded and then brushed in a second step, giving the natural stone an easy-care, matt, and antique-looking surface. With some natural stones, this processing creates a satin-matt patina.
What is a Brushed surface?
With brushed natural stone surfaces, two operations play the central role for the end result. Before the final brush processing begins, the rock mass is carefully ground. This cut closes the pores. Only then is the surface processed with brushes. This process creates an attractive, matt surface without gloss. Brushing gives the stone a structure very similar to that of human skin due to its different mineral composition. This surface treatment gives the stone a beautiful and unique look and feel. The surface treatment brushed is also referred to as satin, leather finished, antique, or as a leather look.
What is Flamed & brushed?
Flamed and brushed surfaces give the surface slip and resistance, which is mostly used for floor slabs and steps in the outdoor area. special brushes smooth the rough surface. The brushes contain abrasive grains that are worked into the interior, which subsequently develops the wrinkle-free structure. Flamed surfaces on natural stones have the advantage that they have a higher slip resistance, which is very beneficial for outdoor use. This feature is sometimes welcomed in the living area. Flamed and brushed surface treatment is most often used outdoors for floor slabs, steps, terrace slabs, and external stairs.
What happens when a natural stone surface is flamed? The surface is exposed to evenly high heat for a short time. The various minerals or components from which stone such Granite consist of different degrees of expansion under the heat. Above all, the harder components burst open. The flamed, brushed or patinated surface must always be used where frost temperatures and drizzle can interact.
What are Lasered surfaces?
During laser treatment, very fine
micro-hollows that are barely visible to the human eye are burned into the
surface with a laser beam.
The laser burns in several thousand pieces of these very small hollows per square meter of the natural stone surface.
The micro-hollows burn-in by the laser significantly improve the slip resistance compared to polished natural stone surfaces.
Advantage: Natural stone surfaces that are perceived as polished can be expanded to include the anti-slip property.
And with almost the same appearance as polished natural stone surfaces.
What is a Polished surface?
Grinding is one of the oldest methods of processing natural stones. Thanks to the latest technology, diamond stone grinding machines create flat but not shiny surfaces. The grinding wheels, which are enriched with abrasives, rotate. This is where minerals meet because the grinding wheels contain the smallest artificial diamonds or abrasive grains. After grinding, the plate is given the name C120, for example, the C stands for carborundum and the number, in turn, indicates the respective sieve line. Since no natural stone is the same as another in the mineral mix, there can be no uniform standard lines for this.
Result: The polished surface is even, matt and less colored than polished natural stone surfaces, but offers a non-slip effect on most natural stones. A sanded surface is not non-slip.
What is a Polished (high-gloss) surface?
Polished stone surfaces flank the robustness and beauty of the selected material, polished natural stone surfaces are easy to clean. The polished surface of natural stone is one of the most attractive design elements in the living area and is therefore the most requested by customers. A polished natural stone surface is mostly used in representative residential and business areas. Highly polished natural stone surfaces radiate elegance and a sophisticated living ambiance. Viewing a high-gloss natural stone surface is like looking into the formation of our earth.
Polished surfaces should not be used in public and outdoor areas. Because wet or damp natural stone surfaces turn into life-threatening “slides” when frost temperatures and drizzle interact.
What is a Patinated surface – sandblasted surface?
Marble and granite processing, sandblasting technology is now very advanced. In general, sandblasted natural stone surfaces are suitable for floors in wet areas, outdoors and wherever greater demands are made on slip resistance.
In the case of marble, sandblasted surfaces are also called patinated. When sandblasting, the surface is evenly processed with various materials using very high air pressure. With marble, this surface is mostly used indoors and most often in the bathroom. This surface combines an antique look with anti-slip properties.
What is Satin surface?
Satin-finished surfaces, two work processes play a central role in the end result. Before the final brush processing begins. This process creates an attractive, matt surface without gloss. Brushing gives the stone a structure very similar to that of human skin due to its different mineral composition. This surface treatment gives the stone a beautiful and unique look and feel. The satin surface finish is also referred to as brushed, leather finished, antique or leather look.
Some satin-finished natural stone surfaces are non-slip and slip-proof. It should not be used outdoors.
What is Waterjet used for Stone?
A relatively new but very popular method of slip-resistant surface treatment of natural stone is the processing of the surface with a high-pressure water jet (water jet blasted). The softer components are “washed out” more and the harder components less. This creates a rough, slightly hilly and non-slip surface structure that can be used well outdoors. A previously sawn or sanded surface is used as the starting surface, which is then processed with extremely high water pressure and precisely. The resulting natural stone surface is very similar to a flamed and brushed surface. The water steel advantage over a flamed and brushed surface? While the hard minerals are blown out of the natural stone surface when using the flame, it is the soft parts that are more washed out when using water jet technology.